the head of the government in nepal is the king

Jan 17, 2021   |   by   |   Uncategorized  |  No Comments

Nepal Bhutan ... of an unprecedented situation involving a foreign head of state. [17], It was announced on 24 December 2007 that, following the approval of the Nepalese Parliament, the monarchy would probably be suspended in 2008, as part of a peace deal with Maoist rebels. Girija Prasad Koirala was appointed prime minister in the interim. When asked if he would consider becoming actively involved in politics, he said that he is not a politician. [16], On 23 August 2007 Nepal's transitional government nationalised all the properties Gyanendra inherited from his brother, including the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. He is the worldly political leader and also the Commander of the Faithful or Amir al-Mou'minin since he is viewed as an immediate descendant of Prophet Mohammed, giving him t… Nepal Bhutan ... She told Nikkei that the German government should stop accommodating the Thai head of state. In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal.He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. The heads of constitutional bodies are appointed by the President on the recommendation of Constitutional Council, with the exception of the Attorney General, who is appointed by the President on the recommendation of Prime Minister. The move did not affect the properties he owned before his accession to the throne. [23], Gyanendra left the Narayanhiti Palace in Kathmandu on 11 June 2008, moving into the Nagarjuna Palace. His investment in Soaltee Hotel alone was estimated to be around $100 million in 2008 with a 40% stake. He said that his attempt was not a success and so the countrymen are suffering at present. It is widely believed that Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala was deeply convinced that as long as King Gyanendra remained in the power structure, there was always danger to the democratic order in Nepal. Let us hope. He had planned to worship at various holy shrines in the district. He leads the Commission for the Monastic Affairs or the Dratshang Lhentshog. [21] He was declared Mukhtiyar (Chief Authority) of Nepal and led the new government from a royal mandate of minor King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. The executive branch of government is the organ that exerts authority and is accountable for how a state is governed. Once parliament dissolves, Israelis will head to the polls in March for a fourth time since early 2019, this time in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, a major economic recession, and while Netanyahu is on trial for a series of corruption charges. [8] Later Damodar Pande was appointed by Queen Rajrajeshwari as Chief Kaji. Several party leaders rejected the offer and again demanded that the King call a council to determine the monarchy's future role in politics. In May 2002, he supported the popularly elected Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba when he dismissed the parliament elected in 1999. 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[2][note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. [citation needed] Thus, King Gyanendra's confrontational approach with the established political parties met with widespread censure. He is a keen conservationist and served as Chairman of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (later known as National Trust for Nature Conservation) from 1982 until his reaccession to the throne in 2001.[7]. Following the dissolution of the Nepali Congress government by King Mahendra in 1960, Nepal reverted to a “Panchayat system” under absolute monarchy and remained so until 1990. [17][18] The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river[19][20] after which Kaji Bhimsen killed 55 senior officials to benefit from the chaos. [citation needed]. [22] As he was required to leave Narayanhiti, he asked the government to make residential arrangements for him on 1 June, and on 4 June the government decided to give Nagarjuna Palace to Gyanendra. [4], In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal. Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. [3] As per historians and contemporary writer Francis Hamilton, the government of Nepal[note 2] comprised, As for Regmi states, the government of Nepal comprised, In 1794, King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal, had no official part to play. [18][19], On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Kirtiman Singh was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Raj Rajeshwari Devi[7] and his brother Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, was then given the post of Chief (Mul) Kaji. [4] After opposition to the hereditary rule of the Rana Prime Ministers from India, a deal was reached in January 1951, and Gyanendra's grandfather King Tribhuvan returned to Nepal and resumed the throne. [34], Reports of citizens wanting to reinstate the ousted monarchy are commonplace in the Nepali media due to the widespread corruption in political establishments, unstable governments and the frivolous lifestyles of the unpopular president Bhandari and prime minister Oli's frequent visits regarding health condition to Singapore on taxpayers' money. [20], On 28 May 2008, the monarchy was officially given no place in the amended constitution of 1990 and was replaced by a republic. For instance; Thar Ghar aristocratic group in previous Gorkha hill principality. Nepal's Supreme Court on Friday issued a show-cause notice to the Oli-led government, asking it to submit a written clarification over its decision to abruptly dissolve Parliament. Nepal - Nepal - Fall of the monarchy: The country’s political life in the 1990s and 2000s was marked by prolonged instability as the monarchy, the NC, and Maoists jostled for power. Therefore, the visitors wrote birthday wishes on registers kept at the Nirmal Niwas Palace. The rally was organized by The Main Civilian Birthday Celebration Committee, however, the former king refused to give audience to the crowd as he didn't celebrate his birthday in public due to the demise of his relatives. Monday's protest was the … Koirala, the brother of Nepal’s first elected prime minister (1959–60), was nominated by the NC and appointed by the king to head the new elected government. When King Gyanendra took complete control for the second time, on 1 February 2005, he dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's government for failing to make arrangements for parliamentary elections and being unable to restore peace in the country, which was then in the midst of a civil war led by Maoist insurgents. As a child, he was briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, went into exile in India with the rest of his family. The elections were thus perceived to constitute a strong endorsement of the 1990 political changes, and G.P. The role of President is largely ceremonial as the functioning of the government is managed entirely by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the Parliament. Replying to a question raised regarding the King's silence even after the bill was passed declaring the state a republic, he said that there was nothing for the King to respond to. On 7 February 2008 the BBC reported King Gyanendra as saying to Japanese journalists: "The Nepali people themselves should speak out on where the nation is heading, on the direction it is taking and on why it is becoming chaotic [...]. Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. Nepal was only to this extent a Hindu Rashtra. After 23 protesters were killed, on 21 April 2006, Gyanendra announced that he would yield executive authority to a new prime minister chosen by the political parties to oversee the return of democracy. Like the warrior king, he too was led astray by a luring fate and overweening ambition. He claimed that the King was examining the activities of the government and the parliament and was waiting for a suitable time to respond to them. The policies of the old Bharadari governments were derived from ancient Hindu texts as Dharmashastra and Manusmriti. [13] International organizations expressed grave concerns about the safety of journalists, following the king's decision to restrict civil liberties, including freedom of the press, the constitutional protection against censorship and the right against preventive detention.[14]. KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. Citing the recent survey which showed 49% of respondents favoured the continuation of the monarchy in some form, Gyanendra claimed, "A majority of the people find great meaning in the institution of the monarchy. The head of government, by contrast, is the person who actually leads the government in creating and enforcing policies. [5] The actions of the Rana regime to depose his grandfather and place Gyanendra on the throne were internationally recognized. The king’s closest advisor is the Je Khenpo who serves as Bhutan’s highest religious official. He said that no people[clarification needed] would accept the "bill" unless decided by a referendum or elected members in the constituent assembly. He claimed that his attempt on 1 February 2005 was for a good purpose—restoring peace and stability in the country. [9] When the exiled abdicated King Rana Bahadur Shah prepared his return in 1804, he arrested many government officials including then Chief Kaji Damodar Pande and sacked the reigning government. First, the idea of monarchy itself is outdated and regressive. The head of state is the President and the Prime Minister holds the position of the Head of executive. Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. However, Dr. KC did note that the former monarch showed great concerns for the condition of the Nepalese in times of economic turmoil and political suppression. ", "All the king's businesses- Nepali Times", Nepal: Ex-King accorded touching greet en route, arrives Pokhara, The Himalayan Times : Ex-king's Myagdi visit cancelled over protest - Detail News : Nepal News Portal, "Final Programmes for The Coronation and The Silver Jubilee Celebration", Unofficial translation of the commission report on the palace incident, King of Nepal is stoned by crowd. King Mahendra assumed the largely titular head of state position given the monarchy under the 1959 constitution, did not intervene with the governance of the country, and spent most of his time touring Nepal or travelling abroad. This branch also enacts and implements the law. Speaking to a select group of Japanese correspondents at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace on 4 February 2008, King Gyanendra said, "[The decision] doesn't reflect the majority view of the people. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. He also dismissed the need for a referendum on bringing the institution of monarchy back into power. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal. But Nepal barely has political ground prepared for the king to return to his deposed throne. [5] Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji[6] while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah by a Chhetri Queen Subarna Prabha Devi. Also, there is no Nepali version of Franco in sight to install the king back in power. King Gyanendra married his second cousin Komal Rajya Lakhsmi Devi on 1 May 1970 in Kathmandu. [11], King Gyanendra promised that "peace and effective democracy" would be restored within three years. [6] He served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. Gyanendra was born in the old Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu, as the second son of Crown Prince Mahendra and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra. King could work as the head of state in Nepal before 2065 BS. The task to elect Nepal’s president rests with an electoral college constituting the country’s parliament and members of the provincial legislatures. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre. On 10 June 2006, the Parliament scrapped the major powers of the King, including his right to veto laws. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. The King then finally took over as the head of government in February 2005. [24] The king had full rights to expel any person who offended the country and also pardon the offenders and grant return to the country. [21] Gyanendra accepted the decision in the following days. [3] In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. [citation needed], In an interview, King Gyanendra's advisor, Bharat Keshar Singh, claimed that the bill passed by the parliament was a bluff. He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty. [29], In an interview with News 24 TV channel in 2012, King Gyanendra stated that he would return as the King of Nepal, although he did not state a particular time frame. Nevertheless, Gyanendra left for Pokhara. [15] In June, Koirala repeated his call for King Gyanendra to abdicate in favour of his grandson Prince Hridayendra. In all clouds, there is a silver lining. It is noteworthy to mention that the RPP-N had recently submitted 2.35 million signatures to the CA demanding a referendum for the fate of the 240-year old monarchy and a Hindu state. The royal government exercised minimum restraint[clarification needed] but declared a curfew to control the deteriorating situation, which was enforced with live firearms and tear gas. During his early years on the throne, King Gyanendra sought to exercise full control over the government, citing the failure of all the political parties to hold an election after the parliament was dissolved. [10][11][12] A new government was constituted with favoring officials. Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government.[1]. Gyanendra, in an interview with foreign reporters published on 9 April 2008,[26] expressed dissatisfaction over the decision made by the interim parliament to abolish the monarchy after the 10 April Constituent Assembly election. [35], Despite having all of the properties he inherited from his late brother King Birendra nationalized, the former king still retained all of his personal wealth prior to his enthronement. This page lists the national rulers in the world. Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of Nepal. Prime Minister Koirala, who had previously supported the continuation of the monarchy, said in March 2007 that he thought Gyanendra should step down. His reign ended about two years later. "[28] After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother. [5] Kajis had held the administrative and executive powers of nation after the fall of Chief Chautariya Prince Bahadur Shah in 1794. During the years 2002 to 2005 he chose and subsequently dismissed three prime ministers for failure to hold elections and bring the rebels to a round table negotiation; he finally dismissed Deuba for the second time and took over as absolute ruler on 1 February 2005, promising that the country would return to normality within 36 months. The Rana Prime Minister provided a 300,000 rupee annual budget as expenditure for the King. [2] There was no single successful coalition government as court politics were driven from large factional rivalries, consecutive conspiracies and ostracization of opponent Bharadar families through assassination rather than legal expulsion. On 28 December 2007, the Nepali interim parliament approved a bill for the amendment to the constitution of 1990 promulgated on 15 January 2007, with a clause stating that Nepal would become a federal democratic republic, to be implemented by the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly elections. The character of government in Kingdom of Nepal was driven from consultative state organ of the previous Gorkha hill principality, known as Bharadar. ", King Gyanendra had broken his closely guarded silence in an interview with a Nepali weekly paper in which he said he remained silent to "let the peace process succeed". No. [24] The King was considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and was the chief authority over legislative, judiciary and executive functions. [12] In an interview with Nepal Aaja, Dr. KC remarked that the former king did not show any active interest to return to the throne or into politics. Police blocked the main road to the prime minister's office, using batons to beat the protesters, who responded by throwing rocks and sticks. This isn't a democracy. but the period of direct rule was accompanied by repression of dissent. However, he conceded that the people do have the right to choose the fate of the monarchy. The institution of the presidency in Nepal was created with the declaration of the country as a Republic in 2008. The government is led by a Kshatriya king guided by Brahmins in his court. Nepal has seen political turmoil for some time, the latest developments seeing the King hand over his powers to a parliamentarian government and the government signing a peace treaty with Maoist rebels. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency as the ushering in of democracy in Nepal had led to a fractious, corrupt and incompetent series of government who were successively incapable to deal with the Maoist insurgency. Against all odds, he was crowned king in 1950, when he was only three. Out of Kathmandu, the latest breaking news,analysis and opinion from Nepal and the world on politics, business, sports, entertainment, and much mores His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal Massacre. 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